Cancer: Liver cancer — Chemotherapy. Treatment
Annually, nearly 600 thousand new cases of liver cancer are recorded in the world. In 20-30% patients, the tumor develops in the liver cells themselves (primary form of cancer), and in other cases is results from metastasis of other organs (metastatic cancer). In the first case, chemotherapy is often complemented by surgery, and in the second case it is used as an independent procedure.
Treatment requires a detailed examination of the patient. During the first visit, the oncologist examines the patients and collects his/her case history. To clarify the diagnosis, the patient is prescribed:
• complete blood count,
• biochemical blood test,
• analysis for tumor markers,
• abdominal ultrasound.
Based on the findings, the expert makes a decision on chemotherapy feasibility (one course).
For liver cancer, the cytostatic agents may be administered orally, but commonly they are administered intravenously. The selected drug is injected into the hepatic artery through a catheter, from which it is distributed throughout the body with blood. This approach delivers more drug to tumor cells than oral administration.
As regards adverse reactions, the patients report dyspepsia, weakness, ulceration of mucous membranes in the mouth. To facilitate the condition, the physician chooses a symptomatic therapy. The patient is under medical supervision during treatment.
The course length is determined individually in each case. Upon its completion, the patient is given advice on further treatment.Hide
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