google_counter
background_img

Liver Metastases Treatment by Embolization (coiling)

University Hospital Saarland Homburg

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Homburg

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

The Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology offers the full range of services in this medical field. Of particular interest are interventional procedures for the treatment of acute and chronic vascular diseases, such as ischemic strokes, cerebral hemorrhages, cerebral artery stenosis or vascular malformations. To ensure comprehensive medical care, there is maintained close cooperation with the Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery.

Include:
people Interpreter up to 8 hours
list Translation of up to 5 pages
card_membership Visa support
book Insurance against increased costs in case of complications with a cover of 200,000 €

MediClin Robert Janker Clinic

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Bonn

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

The Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology offers all modern diagnostic tests using ionizing radiation, imaging-guided tissue sampling procedures (biopsy) and minimally invasive therapeutic procedures. The patients can receive medical care both on an inpatient and outpatient basis. To achieve the optimal results, the department cooperates closely with specialists in the field of radiation therapy, oncology, neurology, neurosurgery and neuro-oncology, as well as urology, orthopedics, pain therapy and palliative care. Such collaboration helps to establish an accurate diagnosis and provide the most effective therapy.

Hospital Kassel

9.9/10
location_onGermany, Kassel

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Nuclear Medicine

The Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Nuclear Medicine offers the full range of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the areas of its specialization. The department has high-tech equipment for all types of modern imaging tests, image-guided therapeutic procedures, as well as radioisotope examinations and treatment of thyroid diseases using radioiodine therapy. The patients are provided with both inpatient and outpatient medical care. However, hospitalization is usually required only in the case of complex therapeutic interventions. The patients' health is in the good hands of the highly qualified doctors. The specialists regularly undergo advanced training courses, attend medical congresses and symposia, where they find out about innovations in the area of their specialization and share their experience with colleagues. To provide maximum safety for patients, the department strictly adheres to radiation protection standards.

University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Interventional Radiology

The Department of Interventional Radiology offers the full range of imaging examinations, as well as innovative image-guided minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of tumors, vascular diseases and internal pathologies (for example, CT, MRI, PET-CT, SPECT). The department's doctors have deep knowledge and colossal experience in the field of interventional radiological methods of treatment, which represent an excellent alternative to open surgical interventions. Despite the high level of technical equipment and the presence of advanced computerized systems, the focus is always on the person with his individual needs. Compliance with current clinical protocols and high professionalism of the department's specialists contribute to the successful clinical practice, as well as the reputability of the department among the best medical facilities of this kind in Germany.

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.6/10
location_onGermany, Halle

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology offers the full range of modern radiological diagnostics and minimally invasive treatment both on an inpatient and outpatient basis. It has advanced equipment for conducting radiological studies in adults and children, as well as minimally invasive procedures under the guidance of imaging systems. There is maintained close cooperation with many departments of the hospital, which provides an interdisciplinary approach to treatment and comprehensive medical care.

University Hospital Muenster

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Muenster

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology is one of the best institutions of its kind in Germany and offers patients the full range of radiological studies and imaging-guided minimally invasive therapy. The department’s scope of tasks also includes imaging diagnostics in children of all age groups, detection and invasive treatment of cerebral vascular pathology (neuroradiology). Patient care is provided both on an inpatient and outpatient basis.

HELIOS University Hospital Wuppertal

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Wuppertal

Department of Neuroradiology

The Department of Neuroradiology provides the full range of diagnostic and therapeutic services in the areas of ​​its specialization. The team of the department's doctors deals with the diagnostics and treatment of brain and spinal cord pathologies. The department has at its disposal state-of-the-art medical equipment, including systems for CT, MRI and myelography, thanks to which specialists can comprehensively assess the state of the nervous system, detect pathological processes at the initial stages and provide effective treatment. Among the department's therapeutic options, a special focus is on the interventional treatment of acute stroke – thrombectomy. Another important focus of the specialists' work is the treatment of cerebral vascular malformations, stenosis of the arteries of the brain and spinal cord, and cerebral aneurysms. In addition, the department provides CT-guided interventional pain management to relieve chronic back pain. The department's neuroradiologists cooperate closely with doctors from the related medical specialties: neurologists, neurosurgeons, ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists and radiation therapists. The specialists strive to provide each patient with high quality medical care meeting his needs and wishes.

University Hospital Oldenburg

10/10
location_onGermany, Oldenburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology offers the full range of services in these medical fields. To ensure the accurate diagnostics and effective treatment, the department has state-of-the-art medical equipment, particularly 64-slice CT scanner, two 1.5 Tesla high-performance MRI devices, modern equipment for digital subtraction angiography (DSA), pulsed fluoroscopy and many other devices. All medical services are carried out in strict accordance with the protocols of professional societies.

Charite University Hospital Berlin

9/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology offers the full range of medical services in these fields. In order to ensure the most accurate and reliable diagnostics, the department has state-of-the-art systems for CT, MRI, PET, ultrasound and X-ray examinations, as well as PET-CT and SPECT-CT hybrid examinations. The department specializes in interventional radiology, namely, imaging-guided therapy. It performs all vascular (for example, vascular recanalization) and non-vascular imaging-guided interventions (for example, tumor ablation). The department is one of the largest and leading medical facilities of this kind in Europe.

Vivantes Neukölln Hospital Berlin

10/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Clinical and Interventional Neuroradiology

The Department of Clinical and Interventional Neuroradiology offers the full range of services in the relevant medical fields. It provides high-precision diagnosis and effective treatment of diseases of the central nervous system, that is, the brain and spinal cord, meninges and vessels that supply these organs.

Bundeswehr Hospital Berlin

10/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Interventional Radiology

The Department of Interventional Radiology conducts high-precision imaging diagnostics of all the organs and anatomical structures of the body, and also offers many interventional image-guided therapeutic procedures. Particular attention is paid to angiography to assess the state of the vascular system and patency of the blood vessels, skeletal X-ray scanning and comprehensive diagnostics of oncological diseases. The department cooperates with the specialists from all medical fields of the hospital, providing them with its technical resources for examining their patients. The department's doctors also specialize in image-guided interventional minimally invasive procedures for the treatment of certain diseases, such as vascular pathologies. The doctors of the medical facility work on state-of-the-art equipment, which guarantees a high safety of manipulations and a compliance with radiation protection standards. The department's patients most often undergo their diagnostic examinations and treatment on an outpatient basis, which is an indisputable advantage.

University Hospital Ulm

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Ulm

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology offers the  full range of modern radiological studies and imaging-guided minimally invasive therapy for the treatment of various diseases. Of particular interest to the experienced medical team of the department is individual minimally invasive therapy of oncological diseases, treatment of pain syndromes and vascular pathology. The department works in close cooperation with all other departments of the hospital, thereby providing interdisciplinary, comprehensive medical care at the highest level of university medicine.

HELIOS Clinic Krefeld

9.7/10
location_onGermany, Krefeld

Department Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology

The Department Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology offers the full range of services in the areas of its specialization. The department has state-of-the-art equipment, thanks to which doctors successfully carry out imaging diagnostics allowing them to determine the diagnosis as accurately as possible and develop the most effective treatment regimen. The department performs X-ray studies, ultrasound scanning, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography, mammography and a combined method of computed tomography with positron emission tomography (PET-CT). Cardiac CT and MRI are also carried out in cooperation with the Department of Cardiology. The department is one of the few medical facilities of this kind in Germany specializing in the imaging diagnostics in children. The range of the department's services is complemented by minimally invasive image-guided therapeutic procedures. In the field of interventional radiology, the focus is on the treatment of pain syndromes, vascular diseases, benign and malignant tumors, as well as metastases. The department's radiologists strictly adhere to the radiation protection standards, so all diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are absolutely safe for patients.

Hospital Neuperlach Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

The Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology offers the full range of image-guided diagnostic and interventional therapeutic procedures at the highest level of modern medicine. Medical care can be provided both on an inpatient and outpatient basis. The department's specialists annually perform more than 70,000 diagnostic tests, and therefore they have tremendous experience and guarantee an accurate diagnosis, which determines the success of follow-up treatment. Radiologists have state-of-the-art systems for digital radiography, digital fluoroscopy, sonography, mammography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, angiography and other examinations. The doctors use in their work a modern picture archiving and communication system, thanks to which the specialists from various departments of the hospital have access to the results of patient's diagnostic examination at any time. The radiation protection standards are strictly observed in the department's clinical practice.

Municipal Hospital Karlsruhe

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Karlsruhe

Department of Adult and Pediatric Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology provides the full range of imaging diagnostics and image-guided minimally invasive treatment. The medical facility admits patients of all age groups, including children and adolescents. In the field of interventional radiology, special attention is paid to the treatment of vascular diseases and cancers, and pain management for chronic pain. An integral part of the department's clinical practice is the interventional treatment of neurological disorders, including stroke, carotid stenosis, and cerebral aneurysms. Medical care is provided both on an inpatient and outpatient basis. The department is one of the largest medical facilities of this kind in Germany and has been awarded a prestigious certificate from the German Society for Interventional Radiology and Minimally Invasive Therapy (DeGIR).

Hospital Schwabing Munich

8.5/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology offers the full range of imaging diagnostic tests and image-guided interventional therapeutic procedures. Medical care is provided on an inpatient and outpatient basis. The team of the department's doctors provides its services to both adults and young patients. The department has at its disposal high-tech equipment, which allows the doctors to detect the slightest impairments in the anatomical structures of the human body. The diagnostic results are considered at regular boards with the participation of all necessary specialists in related fields. In addition, the department uses an innovative system for storing and managing diagnostic data, allowing doctors in all departments to have unhindered access to the patient's imaging results at any time. The department's radiologists strictly adhere to the current radiation protection standards, and therefore the radiation has a minimal effect on the human body.

Depending on the origin of the tumor, primary and metastatic liver cancer is distinguished. Secondary cancer (liver metastases) is much more common. In European countries and the United States, it occurs on average 20 times more often compared to primary liver cancer. Liver metastases require a specific therapy.

Overview

Liver cancer can be primary or secondary. The primary tumor occurs spontaneously, against the background of chronic inflammatory diseases, like cirrhosis. A secondary tumor or liver metastases usually appear due to spreading of cancer cells from a tumor of a different location.

Liver metastases often arise due to the peculiarities of blood flow in the organ. The liver performs many important functions in the body. All the blood passes through it many times daily. About 1.5 liters of blood flow through the liver vessels during one minute, which is about 30% of the total blood volume in the body. To filter and purify the blood, it must be slowed down and redistributed to small-diameter vessels (capillaries). With a slow blood flow in narrow vessels, the risk of cancer cells staying in the liver is high.

Particles of the primary tumor may separate from it and enter the arteries or veins. With the bloodstream they are carried throughout the body. When cells enter the liver, they can become a source of a secondary tumor (liver metastases). Here, malignant cells stay and divide. The formed malignant node is supplied with blood from the newly developed vessels. This is how distant metastases in the liver appear.

The development of oncological pathology is always preceded by changes in cells, as a neoplasm cannot appear from the completely healthy tissues. Weakened liver cells can transform to the malignant ones. The factors that can promote liver cancer development are:

  • Chronic viral hepatitis. Most often, liver cancer develops in people diagnosed with hepatitis B. This virus is found in 80% of patients with liver cancer.
  • Cirrhosis. The most dangerous is the large-nodular form of this disease. Liver cirrhosis is diagnosed in 70% of people with liver cancer, and the cancer is developing rapidly.
  • Cholelithiasis. Stones in the bile ducts cause inflammation. Cells around stones can become cancerous.
  • Diabetes mellitus. With this disease, metabolic processes are alternated. Combined with bad habits, this factor increases the risk of cancer.
  • Alcohol abuse and smoking. Alcohol destroys liver cells, and nicotine causes mutations in them.
  • Heredity. People with family history of liver cancer are more at risk of developing cancer than others. Therefore, they should undergo a comprehensive examination every year.

Hepatoprotective agents help prevent cancer development.

Symptoms

At the initial period of growth of liver metastases, while they are small, there are no clinical manifestations. There are no pain receptors in the liver tissue, therefore pathological processes often pass unnoticed. It becomes possible to suspect the pathology only at advanced stages, when there is a significant increase in the size of the organ, and when the baroreceptors in the liver capsule are irritated. Also, jaundice appears when there is a blockage of the bile ducts.

Therefore, it is so important to carry out both preventive examinations and thorough follow-up of cancer patients. The volume and frequency of examinations is determined by the oncologist. Timely check-up will help make early diagnosis.

With the progression of the liver metastases, nonspecific symptoms appear, and their severity increases gradually. Liver cancer and liver metastases may be indicated by:

  • Indigestion (dyspepsia)
  • Bloating, flatulence, nausea, alternating constipation and diarrhea, abdominal discomfort
  • Dull pain in the right side of the abdomen
  • Enlargement of the liver
  • Excessive weakness, rapid fatigue
  • Apathy, insomnia
  • Decreased appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss

At advanced stages of cancer and presence of liver metastases, the diagnosis can also be suspected by:

  • Increase in the volume of the abdomen due to the accumulation of fluid (ascites)
  • Pathological elements on the skin – spider veins, an expanded venous network, darkening of the skin (including pigmentation)
  • Vomiting
  • Changes in appetite, aversion to certain foods
  • Bleeding from the nose, esophagus, intestines
  • Breast enlargement in men

If the tumor node is located along the path of the outflow of bile, then with its growth jaundice begins. Sclera, skin, and oropharyngeal mucosa turn yellow.

Diagnostics

The following methods are used to diagnose liver primary tumors and liver metastases:

  • Patient's medical history taking and physical examination. Available medical records, assessment of risk factors for oncology associated with heredity and lifestyle, description of the development of symptoms – all these data helps the doctor to assume the presence of liver metastases.
  • Blood tests. The doctor, as a rule, prescribes a complete blood count and biochemical blood test, since in this disease many indicators differ from normal.

Visual diagnostics is an important part of the diagnosis of liver metastases and includes the following studies:

  • Ultrasound examination. Ultrasound examination detects changes in the size, shape, and structure of the liver. Modern ultrasound equipment is also used to control the introduction of a biopsy needle or a laparoscope, with the help of which the presence of liver metastases is established.
  • Computed tomography (CT). Computed tomography (CT) is an X-ray layer-by-layer examination of the chest, abdominal and retroperitoneal organs. It is performed both without contrast agent, and with contrast agent, that is, with the intravenous administration of a radiopaque drug using a special automatic syringe. Computed tomography (CT) is the most common test to check for liver metastases. It makes it possible to identify the nature of pathological formations in the liver, their relation to the vessels of the abdominal cavity, the changes in the lymph nodes, the condition of the arteries and veins of the abdominal cavity.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used when doctors are unsure about the results of other imaging tests, such as CT scan or ultrasound scanning. Due to the high resolution of high-field and ultra-high-field magnetic resonance tomographs, doctors can see changes in the structure of the liver up to several millimeters in size, identify pathological processes at their initial stage, and also carry out the differential diagnosis of pathological formations. If there are large tumors, a doctor may recommend an MRI with contrast-enhancement. It allows doctors to assess the blood supply to the tumor.
  • Immunohistochemistry (IHC). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is also performed to identify tumor type, after harvesting a tissue sample with the help of biopsy. As a rule, in cases when the patient has already been diagnosed with cancer, IHC is prescribed necessarily to elaborate the most efficient treatment regimen.

Treatment

Cancer cells need more nutrients to support their growth and development than healthy tissues. Therefore, they are dependent on the blood supply. During cancer treatment with embolization, it is possible to block the vessels feeding the cancer cells by using the method of catheterization and delivering embolizing substances to the tumor.

Embolization is a minimally invasive therapy method that is carried out with endovascular introduction of coils. Coils are delivered directly to the tumor through the vessels, and they block the blood supply of the cancerous tissue. As a result, liver metastases or the primary tumor die eventually.

Embolization can be a treatment of choice for liver cancer. This method of therapy is also used for liver metastases from colon cancer, breast cancer, or melanoma, that do not respond to standard systemic therapy, and/or are unacceptable for surgery. Embolization procedure can be used in cases when therapy with chemotherapeutic agents is not effective. Randomized clinical trials have proven the effectiveness of embolization for liver cancer treatment. It has been demonstrated that embolization increases life expectancy and improves the quality of life.

An embolization procedure is performed after puncture of the femoral artery. Long, thin plastic tubes called catheters are used. Under the visual control of angiographic technique, catheters are moved into the hepatic vessels feeding the liver tumors. Next, through the catheters, the doctor inserts coils that may be covered with the anti-cancer agent.

The embolization procedure consists of two stages, each taking 7-10 days. During the first stage of treatment, angiography is performed and a radioactive tracer is inserted through the catheter. This first step serves as modeling therapy. During the second stage, embolization treatment is performed.

Embolization is a local cancer treatment that targets a tumor directly. Hence, the treatment is very effective for almost all types of liver cancer, including liver metastases. This method is quite effective and safe, even when other methods of cancer treatment are unacceptable or dangerous. For example, it can be administered to patients with portal vein thrombophlebitis or serve as the salvage therapy in patients with massive tumors. Embolization does not harm other organs and does not cause systemic side effects. This cancer treatment can be performed as an outpatient procedure, without the subsequent need for pain relievers or other medications.

Where can I undergo cancer treatment by embolization (coiling) abroad?

Health tourism is becoming more and more popular these days, as medicine abroad often ensures a much better quality of treatment with embolization (coiling).

The following hospitals show the best success rates in treatment with embolization (coiling):

  1. University Hospital Saarland Homburg, Germany
  2. Memorial Bahcelievler Hospital Istanbul, Turkey
  3. University Hospital Halle (Saale), Germany
  4. University Hospital Muenster, Germany
  5. University Hospital Oldenburg, Germany

You can find more information about the hospitals on the Booking Health website.

The cost of treatment by embolization (coiling)

The prices in hospitals listed on the Booking Health website are relatively low. With Booking Health, you can undergo treatment by embolization (coiling) at an affordable price.

The cost of treatment varies, as the price depends on the hospital, the specifics of the disease, and the complexity of its treatment.

The cost of treatment with embolization (coiling) in Germany is 7,903-12,556 EUR.

The cost of treatment with embolization (coiling) in Turkey is 4,711-4,756 EUR.

You might want to consider the cost of possible additional procedures and follow-up care. Therefore, the ultimate cost of treatment may differ from the initial price.

To make sure that the overall cost of treatment is suitable for you, contact us by leaving the request on the Booking Health website.

How can I undergo cancer treatment by embolization (coiling) abroad?

It is not easy to self-organize any treatment abroad. It requires certain knowledge and expertise. Thus, it is safer, easier, and less stressful to use the services of a medical tourism agency.

As the largest and most transparent medical tourism agency in the world, Booking Health has up-to-date information about embolization (coiling) in the best hospitals. We will help you select the right clinic taking into account your wishes for treatment.

We want to help you and take on all the troubles. You can be free of unnecessary stress, while Booking Health takes care of all organizational issues regarding the treatment. Our services are aimed at undergoing treatment with embolization (coiling) safely and successfully.

Medical tourism can be easy! All you need to do is to leave a request on the Booking Health website, and our manager will contact you shortly.




Feedback of our customers from other resources

Need Help?

Thank you!

We received your treatment application in the best Europe clinics. Our manager will contact you within the next 24 hours.