Treatment of Adrenal Insufficiency (addisons Disease)
Best hospitals and doctors for adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease) treatment abroad
Cost for treatment
University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Department of Endocrinology, Rheumatology and Nephrology
Primus Super Speciality Hospital New Delhi
Department of Endocrinology
University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolic Disorders
University Hospital RWTH Aachen
Department of Gastroenterology, Metabolic Disorders and Internal Intensive Medicine
University Hospital Jena
Department of Nephrology, Rheumatology, Osteology and Endocrinology
University Hospital Frankfurt am Main
Department of Gastroenterology, Pulmonology, Allergology and Endocrinology
University Hospital Bonn
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nephrology, Infectious Diseases, Endocrinology and Diabetology
University Hospital Halle (Saale)
Department of Nephrology, Rheumatology, Endocrinology and Diabetology
University Hospital Marburg UKGM
Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Metabolism and Clinical Infectiology
Charite University Hospital Berlin
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Disorders
University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology, Diabetology and Infectology
University Hospital Muenster
Department of Gerneral Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Metabolic Disorders (Medical Department B)
University Hospital Duesseldorf
Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology
University Hospital Cologne
Department of Endocrinology
University Hospital Giessen UKGM
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Metabolism and Nutritional Medicine
Adrenal insufficiency, also known as Addison's disease, is an endocrine disorder that causes the adrenal glands to produce an insufficient amount of such hormones as cortisol and aldosterone. The adrenal glands are located just above the kidneys. Cortisol is a very important hormone and is responsible for such functions as helping the body to deal with stress, maintain normal blood pressure and balance normal metabolism. Aldosterone is responsible for regulating water and salt balance in the body. Normally, the amount of cortisol and aldosterone that is produced in the human body is regulated by the hypothalamus, which is part of the brain.
There are several reasons why the hypothalamus might start sending the wrong signals to the adrenal glands, causing a hormonal imbalance. According to the Pituitary Network Association, 70% of all adrenal insufficiency cases are caused by autoimmune diseases, whereby a person’s immune system starts to fight against itself. Another possible cause is disease of the adrenal gland itself. Adrenal insufficiency is considered to be a rare disease, with 1 out of 100,000 people being affected by it.
- Muscle weakness
- Weight loss
- Darkened patches of skin
- Low blood sugar
- Biochemical laboratory tests are primarily used to establish whether the patient has an insufficient amount of cortisol hormone in their bloodstream. After performing these tests, the doctors should have a better understanding of what might be causing the decrease of this hormone in the body.
- An insulin injection test is used to see how fast the body reacts to insulin that is administered into the blood. If there is no adrenal insufficiency, the cortisol level will start to rise 30 minutes after the injection. In people with adrenal insufficiency, the cortisol level will either not rise at all or it will rise very poorly.
- Most commonly, patients with adrenal insufficiency have to undergo conservative treatment. In order to substitute the hormones that are not produced properly by their adrenal glands, the patient will take hydrocortisone medication in order to get a sufficient amount of cortisone into their blood. The patient will also need to increase their salt, sugar and mineral levels with special injections.
- Saline treatment is needed if the amount of salt in the person's body becomes dangerously low. Intravenous saline injections help maintain salt balance in the body.