Colorectal cancer as a matter of fact develops in the colon or rectum, which are actual parts of a large intestine. Colorectal cancer is also sometimes called either colon cancer or rectal cancer due to the parts where it is formed. Colorectal cancer usually appears, because of an anomal growth of malignant and cancerous cells in the large intestine.
Colorectal cancer symptoms, that indicate the appearance and growth of cancer, are:
Other colorectal cancer symptoms include:
Signs of colorectal cancer do not usually appear during the earliest stages of colorectal cancer. Due to this fact it`s very important to be diagnosed in the hospital as soon as the patient notices any changes in his health condition. The most well-known causes for colorectal cancer can be:
If the person eats too much red meat, it can also cause the colorectal cancer, along with poor diet. Other important signs of colorectal cancer are constant lack of appetite or, otherwise, the constant food consumption. Factors of what causes colorectal cancer also include genetic predisposition and old age. Unhealthy lifestyle, smoking may also be the cause of colorectal cancer.
Colitis and bowel disease have the tendency to result in early stages of colorectal cancer. If the patients suffers from bowel disease and colitis, they need to be diagnosed during and after the treatment to make sure there are no signs of those diseases. The chances that malignant cells appeared in his large intestines are very high. The early diagnosis of colorectal cancer includes such procedures as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.
In order to be diagnosed, the little part of the colon is removed, which is later researched in the laboratory. Sometimes during the colonoscopy the doctor finds little polyps, which he removes immediately. In most cases similiar polyps are not very dangerous and in this case surgery can be skipped. If polyps are big, the patient needs to undergo a biopsy, during which the doctor determines if there is a trace of tumor in the large intestine.
Specialised hospitals use screening as a way to diagnose the patient. Patients, who are older than 60 and 65, are required to undergo screening annually, as a precaution measure. According to colorectal cancer prognosis , the survival rate worldwide is about 60%, so the chances for full recovery are pretty high. Nevertheless, if stages of colorectal cancer are advanced, the survival rate can be very low.
The success of recovery depends on how quickly the patient started the colorectal cancer treatment, after he was diagnosed with tumor. Compared to other known types of cancer, colorectal cancer is one of the most widespread cancer types worldwide. That`s why it`s so essential to know all colorectal cancer risk factors.
Colorectal cancer factors of risk are red meat, male gender, genetic history, no physical activity. Sometimes obesity can also be a cause. If a person consumes more than one ot two alcoholic drinks per day, he increases the risk factor.
Colorectal cancer treatment includes such options:
The success of surgery depends on the stage of the cancerous cells. In case the cancer is found only in the the colon and not in other organs as well, the surgery can be and should be performed. If the cancer spreads somewhat further and malignant cells appeared in other organs, the surgery, unfortunately, can not be done.
The cancer in its very early stage can be removed even during diagnosis. Doctors use colonoscopy for this matter.
Signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer can also indicate the polyps in the large intestine and they can also be operated during the colonoscopy. Sometimes the colorectal cancer can result in metastases, that appear either in the lungs or in the liver. If there not many of them and they did not spread further the surgery can also be done to fight the colorectal cancer and its metastases.
Radiotherapy is also quite effective for eliminating the malignant cells and should be considered as additional treatment for colorectal cancer. Another option is palliative therapy, which can be prescribed for patients who do not want to have the treatment in hospital. Palliative care therapy is also good in eliminating anxiety and helping the patient to live with this disease emotionally. palliative care also improves the symptoms of colorectal cancer and reduces the pain.
For those who survived cancer, the physical exercise is advised to be considered as an option for further cancer prevention. Another option for follow-up treatment is healthy diet and regular walks in the places with fresh air. Oxidative balance therapy is also a good follow-up treatment. Some parients are required to undergo primary therapy after the surgery to eliminate the risk of new malignant cells. People who survived the colorectal cancer are usually required to undergo coloscopy, chest X-Rays and screening annually after their treatment for coloctoreal cancer is finished. Such people are also not advised to do any hard physical work in future.Hide
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